Pilot Study: The Effects of a Six-Week EXOGEN® Training Program on Punching and Kicking Impact in Amateur Male Combat Athletes: A Pilot Study
Vecchio, Stanton (24)
Examine effect of 6-week EXOGEN® combat program on punching and kicking impact power in amateur male combat athletes.
Seventeen amateur (minimum 2 years of MMA or kickboxing) combat athletes were allocated to either an EXOGEN® (n=10, 28.2 ± 1.7 years, 79.5 ± 7.7kg, 176.6 ± 4.7 cm) or Control (n=7, 29.0 ± 2.0 years, 79.8 ± 11.9kg, 177.7 ± 5.7 cm) group for six weeks. A pre-post study design was used with the following performance tests: Standing vertical jump test, 5RM half-squat, and 5RM bench press. Impact power testing was assessed in the following movements: Lead-hand jab, read-hand cross, rear-leg front kick, and Rear-leg roundhouse kick (using StrikeMate®).
The six-week periodised program consisted of 3 x 60-minute training sessions/week. The EXOGEN® group performed 2 out of 3 sessions with wearable resistance (Table 4). The suit consisted of Lila® EXOGEN® compression-based arm sleeves, pants, and calf sleeves, and loads (2-4.5% BW) located over the midline of the intended appendage. Loads were positioned over the upper and lower lib, lateral hip, anterior thigh, anterior and posterior lower limb (Figure 24).
- A six week EXOGEN® training programme significantly improved jab impact power (p=0.025, ES=0.73, +25.9% change)
- A six week EXOGEN® training programme significantly improved rear-hand cross impact power (p=0.004, ES=1.00, +51.2% change)
- A significant increase in bench press strength (p=0.008, ES=0.32, +6.0% change) was observed in the EXOGEN® trained group
- A significant increase in vertical jump height (p=0.025, ES=1.50, +19.2% change) and 5RM half-squat (p=0.02, ES=0.26, +6.9% change) was observed in the EXOGEN® trained group
- Front kicking impact power did not significantly increase in either the EXOGEN® or control group
- A six week periodised EXOGEN® training programme significantly improves both jab and rear-cross punching impact power in amateur male combat athletes, which may improve an athlete’s change of success in striking martial arts.
- Greater loads may need to be used to improve front kick impact power
- EXOGEN® training may be beneficial for vertical jump height, half squat, and bench press strength, particularly when combined with plyometric exercise